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                We offer final year Power Systems MTech Projects, M.E (Power Systems), M.E (Applied Electronics), M.E (Power Electronics), Ph.D Electrical and Electronics, Power Systems IEEE Projects, Embedded system, VLSI design, ANN, Fuzzy Logic, Power system, Power Electronics, Machines, Control system, Bio medical, Communication Engineering, GPS, GSM, Wireless Communication, IEEE Power Systems Projects, Power Systems MS Projects, Power Systems BTech Projects, Power Systems BE Projects, Power Systems ME Projects, Power Systems IEEE Projects, Power Systems IEEE Basepapers, Power Systems Final Year Projects, Power Systems Academic Projects, Power Systems Projects, Power Systems Seminar Topics, Power Systems Free Download Projects, Power Systems Free Projects in Chennai, Chidambaram.

      Sample Projects For Electronics and Communication Engineering Students

     Design and Modeling of I2C Bus Controller

Abstract


This project is concerned with the design of I2C bus controller and the interface between the I2C devices i.e. microcontroller (AT89C51) and EEPROM (AT24C16). The I2C is a two wire serial protocol. Hence I2C components can be interfaced by using only two lines. First one is serial data (SDA) line and second is serial clock (SCL) line. The design architecture consists of a master controller and a slave. The master generates the START condition when SCL is HIGH and SDA is having a transition from HIGH to LOW. Master also generates STOP condition when SCL is in HIGH and SDA is having a transition from LOW to HIGH. Beside these two functions master also transfers and receives data to/from different slave devices. When master transmits data to slave receiver then it is known as WRITE mode of operation and when master receives data from slave transmitter then it is known as READ mode of operation. The microcontroller and EEPROM are interfaced through I2C bus. Data send, read and write particularly these operations are carried out and the behavior of I2C protocol is examined. The I2C master controller is designed in verilog HDL. By describing the design in HDL, functional verification of the design can be done early in the design cycle. Since designers work at the high level language, they can optimize and modify the design module until it meets the desired functionality. The test bench program has to be developed to test the design module. The test bench gives the input to the design module & verifies the outputs. The test bench has to be written in such way to check the design module in all possible conditions.


Baseband Processor Design of Multi-purpose RFID Tag

Radio frequency identification has found ubiquitous usage in todays industry. Object identification and tracking, supply chain management, anti-theft and fraud systems are just some of the uses RFID tags find in todays market. As the RFID technology competes with other technologies present in the market, a large amount of research has been undertaken in order to optimize the performance and cost factors of the readers and tags involved in the RFID system. Various implementations on different devices such as ICs and CMOS System on Chip (Soc) have been tried out. FPGAs are also being considered as a potential target device for implementing RFID systems. This project aims at the design of an FPGA implemental RFID Tag processor design for the purpose of base-band signal processing. A new architecture has been proposed and implemented for this processor. This architecture takes into consideration the flexibility of the entire system with the help if independent sub modules. Also, the suggested architecture has taken into consideration the creation of an innovative single tag for multiple purposes which can interact with various types of readers and convey the required information to each one of them. The RFID tag has been designed in accordance to EPCglobal Class1 Generation2 standard for operation in the range of 860-960 MHz in the air interface. The design of the tag components has been done with the help of XILINX and the verifications and analysis with ModelSim.


PLC Implementation of Supervisory Control for a Dynamic Power Flow Controller using a Modular Approach
 

                                                                             Abstract

Dynamic Power Flow Controller (DPFC) provides steady-state and dynamic power flow control for power lines and is considered as a Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) controller. This paper deals with control of a standard DPFC using a Discrete Event System model. The Supervisory Control of DES has been used to implement Modular supervisors for the DPFC. Despite the fact that the SCT is well consolidated, with a large number of publications focusing on the theoretical aspects, the industrial application is unknown. It is mainly due to the complexity of the theory. The numbers of states and events to be controlled are very large even for the seemingly simple systems. In recent years, a model for modular approach to the Supervisory Control for performing the formal synthesis of Supervisors has been proposed. Programmable Logic Controllers are used for the physical implementation of the controllers. Some problems in physical realization of Supervisors in PLCs are dealt with.

Designing a real time embedded controller using data acquisition system for a DC motor speed contr

                                                                                 Abstract

Speed of a DC motor varies proportional to the input voltage. With a fixed supply voltage the speed of the motor can be changed by switching the supply on and off so frequently that the motor notices only the average voltage effect and not the switching operation. This project focuses on controlling the speed of a DC motor using PWM technique (varying duty cycle of a square wave) and Data Acquisition Systems.
Virtual instrumentation is defined as the combination of measurement and control hardware and application software with industry-standard computer technology to create user-defined instrumentation systems. A DAQ card is designed and used for speed control in this project.

 


Analysis of ECG signal for Detection of Cardiac Arrhythmias
                                                     

                                                                                Abstract


Electrocardiogram (ECG), a noninvasive technique is used as a primary diagnostic tool for cardiovascular diseases. A cleaned ECG signal provides necessary information about the electrophysiology of the heart diseases and ischemic changes that may occur. It provides valuable information about the functional aspects of the heart and cardiovascular system. The objective of the project is to automatic detection of cardiac arrhythmias in ECG signal. Recently developed digital signal processing and pattern reorganization technique is used in this project for detection of cardiac arrhythmias. The detection of cardiac arrhythmias in the ECG signal consists of following stages: detection of QRS complex in ECG signal; feature extraction from detected QRS complexes; classification of beats using extracted feature set from QRS complexes. In turn automatic classification of heartbeats represents the automatic detection of cardiac arrhythmias in ECG signal. Hence, in this project, we developed the automatic algorithms for classification of heartbeats to detect cardiac arrhythmias in ECG signal. QRS complex detection is the first step towards automatic detection of cardiac arrhythmias in ECG signal. A novel algorithm for accurate detection of QRS complex in ECG signal is proposed in chapter 2 of this project. The detection of QRS complex from continuous ECG signal is computed using autocorrelation and Hilbert transform based technique. The first differential of the ECG signal and its Hilbert transformed is used to locate the R-peaks in the ECG waveform. The autocorrelation based method is used to find out the period of one cardiac cycle in ECG signal. The advantage of proposed method is to minimize the large peak of P-wave and T-wave, which helps to identify the R-peaks more accurately. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Beth Israel Hospital (MIT-BIH) arrhythmias database has been used for performance analysis. The experimental result shows that the proposed method shows better performance as compared to the other two established techniques like Pan-Tompkins (PT) method and the technique which uses the difference operation method (DOM). For detection of cardiac arrhythmias, the extracted features in the ECG signal will be input to the classifier. The extracted features contain both morphological and temporal features of each heartbeat in the ECG signal. Twenty six dimension feature vector is extracted for each heartbeat in the ECG signal which consist of four temporal features, three heartbeat interval features, ten QRS morphology features and nine T-wave morphology features. Automatic classification of cardiac arrhythmias is necessary for clinical diagnosis of heart disease. Many researchers recommended Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) standard for automatic classification of heartbeats into following five beats: normal beat (N), supraventricular ectopic beat (S), ventricular ectopic beat (V), fusion beat (F) and unknown beat (Q). The beat classifier system is adopted in this project by first training a local-classifier using the annotated beats and combines this with the global-classifier to produce an adopted classification system. The Multilayer perceptron back propagation (MLP-BP) neural network and radial basis function (RBF) neural network are used to classify the cardiac arrhythmias. Several experiments are performed on the test dataset and it is observed that MLP-BP neural network classifies ECG beats better as compared to RBF neural network.



FPGA Implementation of digital controller for shunt active power filter to reduce harmonics and reactive power
 

                                                                           Abstract

Most of the pollution issues created in power systems are due to the non-linear characteristics and fast switching of power electronic equipment. Power quality issues are becoming stronger because sensitive equipment will be more sensitive for market competition reasons, equipment will continue polluting the system more and more due to cost increase caused by the built-in compensation and sometimes for the lack of enforced regulations. Efficiency and cost are considered today almost at the same level. Active power filters have been developed over the years to solve these problems to improve power quality. Among which shunt active power filter is used to eliminate and load current harmonics and reactive power compensation. The active power filter (APF) is implemented with PWM based current controlled voltage source inverter (VSI). This VSI switching signals are generated through proposed three-level hysteresis current controller (HCC) that achieves significant reduction in the magnitude and variation of the switching frequency; it is indicating improved performance compared to 2-level HCC. The shunt APLC system is modeled and investigated under different unbalanced non-linear load conditions using MATLAB programs. The simulation results reveal that the active power filter is effectively compensating the current harmonics and reactive power at point of common coupling. The active power line conditioner system is in compliance with IEEE 519 and IEC 61000-3 recommended harmonic standards. Due to non-linear characteristics the load current gets distorted which causes undesirable effects like heating, equipment damages, EMI effects etc. in power network. The active power filter (APF) is the best solution for eliminating the harmonics caused by the non-linear loads. This work presents the three-phase four-wire active filter for power line conditioning (PLC) to improve power quality in the distribution network and implementation of a digitally controlled APF.
Designed in Hardware Description Language (VHDL or VERILOG), the controller becomes independent of process technology. Synchronous reference frame is used for generation of reference current. PI currents algorithm and hysteresis current controller (HCC) together is written in VHDL code and is implemented using FPGA platform. Various simulation results are presented under steady state and transient state condition and performance is analyzed. Simulation results obtained shows that the performance of three phase system with APF is found to be better and digital controller add a new aspect for the controller from low cost, high speed and hardware implementation point. PWM and hysteresis based current control is used to obtain the switching signals to the voltage source inverter (VSI).

Radio Frequency based wireless remote controlled digital camera with high Intensity LED flash lamp
The purpose this project is to control and monitor the Wireless Video Camera and its direction using a RF remote. The video images thus captured can be seen live on TV. It is a low cost surveillance system used to monitor a larger area. The camera and its direction can be controlled by a unique wire less remote.
Here the purpose of LED is to serve as a light source for the camera when ever it is operated in low intensity, the wording here means that the LED should again be controlled by controller such that it takes an input from a light sensor and glows the LED intellectually if it feels the light available in the surroundings is not sufficient enough to catch the images. By this we can make sure that we also save power to some extent.
The major challenge here is we should think twice while programming to make sure that we are able to process both the tasks (camera direction and LED glowing) simultaneously with out any delay.
This project finds its major applications while we are monitoring larger areas like political canvassing, cricket stadiums, international conferences, worship places, banking etc. This project assures us with more reliable and confident security system.
The major building blocks of this project are:-
1. Regulated Power Supply
2. RF Transmitter
3. RF Receiver
4. MicroController based Control Unit
5. LDR based Light Sensor
6. High Power LED and LED Driver.
7. Motor driver
8. Geared DC Motor
9. Wireless Digital Camera Transmitter
10. Wireless Digital Camera Receiver
 


                                      GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System


This Project presents an automotive localization system using GPS and GSM-SMS services. The system permits localization of the automobile and transmitting the position to the owner on his mobile phone as a short message (SMS) at his request.
The system can be interconnected with the car alarm system and alert the owner on his mobile phone. This tracking system is composed of a GPS receiver, Microcontroller and a GSM Modem. GPS Receiver gets the location information from satellites in the form of latitude and longitude. The Microcontroller processes this information and this processed information is sent to the user/owner using GSM modem. Microcontroller also gets the speed of the vehicle and sends it to user/owner.
The presented application is a low cost solution for automobile position and status, very useful in case of car theft situations, for monitoring adolescent drivers by their parents as well as in car tracking system applications. The proposed solution can be used in other types of application, where the information needed is requested rarely and at irregular period of time (when requested).
This system is also can be interfaced with Vehicle airbag system. This enable it to monitor the accident situations and it can immediately alerts the police/ambulance service with the location of accident.
The Major Building blocks of this project are:
1. Microcontroller based motherboard with regulated power supply.
2. GPS Receiver for Location Information.
3. GSM Modem/Mobile phone for remote communication.
4. LED Indicators
5. Local alarm/alert system in case of accident situations.


Microcontroller and Triac based realtime temperature monitoring and control System
The purpose of this project is to control high voltage AC devices using Triac and a microcontroller. This projects aims to control the temperature of an electrical oven. The temperature can be controlled using a mechanical thermostat.
But the drawbacks for mechanical thermostat are:
1. Mechanical thermostats have to be calibrated at the factory.
2. The accuracy of these devices is poor.
3. Mechanical components wear out over time.
Compared to the mechanical thermostat, the microcontroller based solution offers design flexibility, including the addition of user-friendly features such as the temperature indicator on a LCD display, automatic cutoff of power supply on exceeding of predefined temperature etc.
This project involves development of microcontroller mother board which generates the firing pulses to control the Triac. It also involves the temperature measurement and display on a LCD (alpha-numeric) display.
The major building blocks of this project are:
1. Microcontroller Mother Boards with regulated power supply.
2. Zero crossing detector.
3. Optically isolated Triac firing circuit.
4. High voltage heating load to be controlled.
5. Alpha-numeric LCD display.
6. Temperature sensing module.

PS Data Logger into MMC/SD Memory Card
Global Positioning System (GPS) has been used in various commercial applications including transportation, navigation and vehicle position tracking, which when coupled with external memory stick the technology can help track the complete journey of any vehicle or moving objects like human or animals.
This project aims to construct a vehicle position logging system using GPS and SD/MMC (Multi Media Card). The system comprises two modules. The GPS data receiver module gets the data from GPS receiver and processes it. The data storage module consists of an interface circuit between the GPS and the MMC card. This module transmits the data to the MMC card that can be displayed on a computerized map.
The project works satisfactorily in real time, can locate the vehicle travel locations in the form of longitude, latitude with the margin of error not more than 6 meters from the actual location. This system also logs the information like date, time and speed information of the vehicle.
The major building blocks of this project are:
1. Microcontroller based control system with regulated power supply.
2. GPS receiver.
3. Memory Stick (MMC) interfacing system.


                 GSM Based Automatic Energy Meter Reading System

The purpose of this project is to remote monitoring and control of the Domestic Energy meter. This system enables the Electricity Department to read the meter readings regularly without the person visiting each house. This can be achieved by the use of microcontroller unit that continuously monitors and records the Energy Meter readings in its permanent (non-volatile) memory location. This system also makes use of a GSM modem for remote monitoring and control of Energy Meter.
The Microcontroller based system continuously records the readings and the live meter reading can be sent to the Electricity department on request. This system also can be used to disconnect the power supply to the house in case of non-payment of electricity bills. A dedicated GSM modem with SIM card is required for each energy meter.
The major building blocks of this project are:
1. Microcontroller based control system with regulated power supply.
2. GSM Modem for remote communication
3. Electromagnetic Relay and Relay Driver for Power Supply Control.
4. Digital Energy Meter.
5. LCD Display to display the meter readings.
Touch Screen GLCD based Digital Devices Control System
The aim of this project is to build a Graphical LCD Touch Screen interface for switching electrical devices. The controlled devices can be of high voltage or low voltage. A virtual on screen keypad and control board can be developed by the program running inside microcontroller. The status of devices can be viewed on Graphical LCD. This project eliminates the need to have mechanical push buttons or LED indicators.
Users can control the devices with gentle finger touch. Controlling of Electrical appliances such as Television can be Password protected. By this we can limit the access to certain electrical devices to children or any other un-authorized persons.
This project consists of a microcontroller that takes input from touch screen and processes the request. Then it processes the data and takes necessary action and updates the status on Graphical LCD.
The major building blocks of this project are:
1. Microcontroller Mother Board with regulated power supply.
2. Electromagnetic Relay (Controls 230V, 10 Amps loads).
3. Graphical LCD with Touch Screen and Controller interface.
4. Electrical devices to be controlled.

 

                Communication Project Titles

 
    1. c to c communication
    2. c to p communication
    3. p to p communication
    4. 10 +10 graphic equalizer
    5. 100 w stereo sound systems
    6. 1000 w hi-fi music system
    7. 100w hifi stereo
    8. Band satellite receiver
    9. 2 - Meter FM receiver
    10. 20 mar SSB/CW receiver
    11. 20 meter CW/SSB receiver
    12. 24cm fm amateur television transmitter
    13. 25 w stereo decks
    14. 40 meter direct conversion receiver
    15. 5+5 graphic equalizer
    16. 50W stereo deck
    17. 500W stereo sound systems
    18. 7 MHz armature radio receiver
    19. AC & DC motor speed control
    20. AC & DC motor speed control attendance register
    21. Accident identification system
    22. Active magnetic antenna
    23. Advanced pager network
    24. Advanced PLL communication system
    25. Advanced studio recording system
    26. Advanced telecommunications systems
    27. AF level matching
    28. AF signal tracer
    29. Aircraft receiver kit
    30. Attendance registers
    31. Audio cassette copier
    32. Automatic door control system
    33. Automatic radio tuning system
    34. Biomedical monitoring system
    35. C band satellite receiver
    36. Carrier current data transmission
    37. Cassette deck
    38. CD player digital audio mixer
    39. Centralized monitoring system for call taxies
    40. Centralized wireless networking for corporate
    41. Compact walkie - talkie
    42. Cordless bell
    43. Cordless security system
    44. Cryptographic secured communication for military applications
    45. Digital audio / visual systems
    46. Digital CD player
    47. Digital pattern generator
    48. Direction control system
    49. Direction finding kit
    50. Directional microphone
    51. Dubbing mixer for recording studios
    52. ECG picture messaging
    53. Electricity billing through GSM modems
    54. Electronic voting machine
    55. Engine monitoring through mobile phones
    56. Fax receiver VLF and SW
    57. Fiber optic data communication
    58. File transfer through GSM
    59. FM digital tuner
    60. GPS interface in GSM networks
    61. GSM based security system
    62. GSM based video surveillance recorder
    63. High performance video mixer
    64. Home automation through SMS
    65. Image transfer through SMS
    66. Industrial monitor through GSM networks
    67. Infrared AF receiver
    68. Infrared AF transmitter
    69. Intelligent controller for oil wells
    70. Internet controller for textile plant
    71. IR cordless headphone
    72. IR voice communicator
    73. Long range remote control
    74. Loop antenna construction
    75. Mark announcement through SMS
    76. Marvel super hi-fi music system
    77. Micro wave communication model
    78. Mind switch
    79. Multi - station digital intercom.
    80. Multi channel VHF comm. network system
    81. Multi variable control system
    82. Optical fiber data link
    83. Power - line FW intercom.
    84. Power line data transmission
    85. Private pager network
    86. Process controlling through SMS
    87. Public address system
    88. Railway accident monitoring system
    89. Remote appliance control through SMS
    90. Remote control home appliances through a cellular phone
    91. Remote controlled dish antenna positioning
    92. Remote controlled solar tracking system
    93. Remote loudspeaker via IR link
    94. Remote motor plugging forwarding jogging
    95. Remote motor speed controller & activator
    96. Remote sales terminal networking 
    97. Remote security system
    98. Remote security system using VLSI design
    99. Remote switching system for home appliances
    100. RF tone _ dip oscillator
    101. Robotic control through RF
    102. Russian satellite receiver
    103. S- Band satellite receiver
    104. Secured communication between army stations
    105. Secured communication between two army stations
    106. Short range video transmitter
    107. Shortwave radio kit
    108. Signal activated recording
    109. Single chip 50w AF amplifier
    110. Smart antenna and low power RF transceiver
    111. Smart clothes
    112. Smart computing through SMS
    113. SMS based weather reporting
    114. Speed radar kit
    115. Stacked tuned dipole transmit antenna system for FM broadcast band
    116. Surrounding sound CD/CASSET player
    117. Surrounding sound music system
    118. Tele-remote control
    119. Temperature and level monitor
    120. Temperature controller & monitoring
    121. The handy gate dip meter
    122. Traffic announcement through GSM networks
    123. TV transmitter kit
    124. Two way intercom
    125. UHF remote control transmitter
    126. Vehicle tracking system
    127. VGA distribution amplifiers
    128. VHF /UHF television tuner
    129. Video combine for video processing
    130. Video distribution amplifier for CATVs
    131. Video distribution amplifier for CCTVs
    132. Video signal transmitter
    133. Voting machine through GSM modem
    134. Wide band active loop antenna
    135. Wireless attendance register
    136. Wireless audio communication system
    137. Wireless bunker positioning system
    138. Wireless controller cum internet controller
    139. Wireless controller for knitting machine
    140. Wireless controller for offset printing machine
    141. Wireless data transmission
    142. Wireless ECG monitor
    143. Wireless EMG Monitor
    144. Wireless energy monitor for power substation
    145. Wireless keyboard operating system
    146. Wireless LAN
    147. Wireless Microphone
    148. Wireless monitoring of electrical parameters with PC
    149. Wireless motor monitoring system
    150. Wireless mouse controller & printer
    151. Wireless offset printing machine
    152. Wireless process control system
    153. Wireless robot
    154. Wireless security system for apartments
    155. Wireless taxi monitoring system
    156. Wireless voting machine

  

 

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